Other institutions and advisory bodies
- The European Central Bank
- The European Court of Auditors
- The European Economic and Social Committee
- The Committee of the Regions
As mentioned at the beginning of this chapter, the institutions of the EU are evolving along with the evolution of European integration. Of the institutions and advisory bodies that we consider in this section, only the European Economic and Social Committee was provided for in the original Treaties. New institutions and bodies have been created to cover new needs, notably the Committee of the Regions and the European Central Bank. Apart from the main institutions, examined above, the Treaty of Lisbon considers as institutions the European Central Bank and the Court of Auditors. According to this Treaty, the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission shall be assisted by an Economic and Social Committee and a Committee of the Regions acting in an advisory capacity (Article 13 TEU). The advisory bodies as well as the other institutions are independent of the main institutions.