The structure of the European research policy
- Research provisions of the European Treaties
- EU and Euratom R & D framework programmes
- Direct and indirect research activities of the EU
- The activities of the EU Joint Research Centre
- Coordination of research in the European Union
- EU transnational R & D cooperation
Whilst we now see clearly the need for and objectives of the European research policy, that was probably not the case when the EEC Treaty was framed. That is why the Treaty, apart from a rather vague reference to the coordination of research and the dissemination of agricultural knowledge in its Article 41 (Article 41 TFEU), did not give the European Institutions any powers to finance or even coordinate Member States' research in the other sectors of the economy. The Maastricht Treaty improved the position enjoyed by research in the process of European construction. The new Title XIX of the Lisbon treaty, which is the base for EU actions in research, technological development and space, confirms and strengthens the concepts of the framework programme [see section 18.2.2] and of direct and indirect actions [see section 18.2.3] and, above all, the new missions of the Joint Research Centre [see section 18.2.4]. These are the main subjects of this part of the chapter.