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18.4.3.  The "Societal challenges" priority

    This priority of the 'Horizon 2020' programme responds directly to the policy priorities and societal challenges that are identified in the Europe 2020 strategy [see section 7.3] and that aim to stimulate the critical mass of research and innovation efforts needed to achieve the Union's policy goals. Funding in this priority is focused on the following specific objectives:

    a)       Health, demographic change and well-being aiming to improve the lifelong health and well-being of all.

    b)       Food security, sustainable agriculture and forestry, marine, maritime and inland water research, and the bioeconomy aiming  to secure sufficient supplies of safe, healthy and high quality food and other bio-based products, by developing productive, sustainable and resource-efficient primary production systems, fostering related ecosystem services and the recovery of biological diversity, alongside competitive and low-carbon supply, processing and marketing chains.

    c)       Secure, clean and efficient energy seeking to make the transition to a reliable, affordable, publicly accepted, sustainable and competitive energy system by reducing fossil fuel dependency in the face of increasingly scarce resources, increasing energy needs and climate change.

    d)       Smart, green and integrated transport trying to achieve a European transport system that is resource-efficient, climate- and environmentally-friendly, safe and seamless for the benefit of all citizens, the economy and society.

    e)       Climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materials aspiring to achieve a resource- and water-efficient and climate change resilient economy and society, the protection and sustainable management of natural resources and ecosystems, and a sustainable supply and use of raw materials, in order to meet the needs of a growing global population within the sustainable limits of the planet's natural resources and ecosystems.

    f)        'Europe in a changing world - Inclusive, innovative and reflective societies' aiming to foster a greater understanding of Europe, provide solutions and support inclusive, innovative and reflective European societies in a context of unprecedented transformations and growing global interdependencies.

    g)       Secure societies - Protecting freedom and security of Europe and its citizens seeking to foster secure European societies in a context of unprecedented transformations and growing global interdependencies and threats, while strengthening the European culture of freedom and justice.

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