Sectoral organisation of the EU transport market
- Road transport in the EU
- Railway transport in the EU
- Inland waterway transport in the EU
- Maritime transport in the EU
- Air transport in the EU
In addition to the proper functioning of the internal market for transport, the common transport policy also tackles the sector-by-sector organisation of the various modes of transport. This requires the approximation of the economic conditions and the structures of each mode of transport in the Member States. The Treaty of Rome did not call for specific action in this field, but nevertheless stated that there should be common rules applicable to international transport to or from the territory of a Member State, or passing across the territory of one or more Member States (Article 75,1,a EEC). The European institutions slowly put in place common rules, first for road transport rates and for improving the financial situation of the railways and, then in reaction to the Court of Justice ruling of April 4, 1974 on the interpretation of Article 84 of the EEC Treaty [Case 167-73], on the organisation of activities and the establishment of the internal market for the sea and air transport sectors. For concision's sake, all measures adopted in the last two sectors are examined in this part of the chapter, since they often pursue simultaneously the two objectives of the common transport policy, namely the proper functioning of the internal market and the organisation of the sector.